WMO in brief

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is the specialized United Nations that is authoritative for all matters concerning the status and behavior of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the distribution of water resources as a result.

WMO has 189 Member States and Territories (December 4, 2009). It succeeded the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. Founded in 1950, WMO became in 1951 a United Nations agency specialized in meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.

As weather, climate and water cycle know no national boundaries, effective international cooperation across the globe is essential for the development of meteorology and operational hydrology and take advantage of their applications. WMO provides the framework for such international cooperation.

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Since its establishment, WMO has played a key role and unique in improving security and living conditions of mankind. Under the direction of the WMO and its programs, the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services contribute actively to the protection of persons and property against natural disasters, protection of the environment and strengthening the well-being economic and social development of all sectors of society, in areas such as food security, development of water resources and transportation.

WMO promotes cooperation for the establishment of networks for conducting meteorological, climatological, hydrological and geophysical and for the exchange, processing and standardization of related data as well as technology transfer and activities training and research.

It also promotes cooperation between National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and contributes to the application of meteorology to public weather services, agriculture, aviation, maritime transport, protection of the environment, issues related to water and mitigation of natural disasters.

WMO facilitates the free and unrestricted trade in real time or near real time, data, information, products and services to enhance human security, the economic well-being and protection of the environment. It contributes to the formulation, national and international policies adapted in this area.

In the particular case of the dangers of weather, climate or water, which are responsible for nearly 90% of natural disasters, WMO programs provide essential information for early warnings that save lives and mitigate damage to property and the environment. WMO also contributes to limiting the impact of man-made disasters, such as those resulting from chemical or nuclear accidents, forest fires or volcanic eruptions. Many studies have shown that in addition to their incalculable benefits in terms of safety and quality of life, the meteorological and hydrological services are reflected in the economically equivalent gains by up to ten times the sum invested or more.

Through its programs, WMO plays a leading role in international efforts to monitor and protect the environment. In collaboration with other United Nations agencies and the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services, supports the implementation of a number of environmental conventions and actively contributes to providing advice and assessments to governments on issues that s 'relate to.

These activities contribute to sustainable development and prosperity of nations.

More www.wmo.int

Last Updated (Wednesday, 21 December 2011 04:55)

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